• Monument at »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto«
The memorial at the »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto« was erected by the Jewish Community of Panevėžys (also Ponevezh) in 1993. It was placed on the former site of the 1941 ghetto entrance.
Image: Panevėžys, Beginning of the 20th century, Street view, Alexandre Przopiorski
Panevėžys, Beginning of the 20th century, Street view, Alexandre Przopiorski

Image: Panevėžys, 2004, Monument at »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto«, Stiftung Denkmal, Nerijus Grigas
Panevėžys, 2004, Monument at »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto«, Stiftung Denkmal, Nerijus Grigas
In 1939 the Jewish Community of Panevėžys, a town in northern Lithuania, had about 6,800 members and was considered the second largest in then-independent Lithuania. The deeply traditional Jewish community administration, the »Kahal«, consisted of twelve small prayer houses and synagogues, both a high school for girls and boys, a hospital, libraries, social welfare organisations, as well as the cultural association, »Kneset Israel«. Shortly after German units marched into Panevėžys on 26 June 1941, the SS issued an order to establish a ghetto. The Jews from the town and surrounding villages had to relocate to the ghetto by 11 July 1941. The ghetto was guarded by Lithunian police on SS orders. Up to 8,000 people were crammed into the small area of the ghetto. Only 40 days later the ghetto was liquidated by the SS. Its residents were shot by the German-Lithuanian »SS-Rollkommando Hamann« (SS raiding squad) assisted by Lithuanian helpers within a short period of time in the forests of Pajuostė and Žalioji giria.
Image: Panevėžys, Beginning of the 20th century, Street view, Alexandre Przopiorski
Panevėžys, Beginning of the 20th century, Street view, Alexandre Przopiorski

Image: Panevėžys, 2004, Monument at »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto«, Stiftung Denkmal, Nerijus Grigas
Panevėžys, 2004, Monument at »Gate to the Panevėžys Jewish Ghetto«, Stiftung Denkmal, Nerijus Grigas
German and Lithuanian members of the SS murdered close to 13,500 Jews from the region around Panevėžys between June 1941 and 1944, for the most part in mass shootings. Approximately 8,000 of them were from the the Panevėžys ghetto. On 23 August 1941 alone 7,523 Jews perished according to SS accounts. The Jewish Community of Panevėžys and all traces of its existence were extinguished.
Image: Pajuostė, 1941, Members of Lithuanian militia force Jewish women to undress before they are shot, USHMM
Pajuostė, 1941, Members of Lithuanian militia force Jewish women to undress before they are shot, USHMM

The memorial symbolically represents the entrance to the former ghetto. The outline of the ghetto is engraved in the granite stone. The Yiddish and Lithuanian inscription reads: »Here existed a Jewish ghetto from 7 July 1941 until 17 August 1941.« The sculpture was created by the artist V. Zigas.
Name
Panevėžio žydų geto vartų paminklas
Address
Klaipėdos g./ Krekenavos g.
35211 Panevėžys
Phone
+370 (8) 45 435295
E-Mail
genavta@yahoo.com
Open
The monument is accessible at all times.